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Videoconference Portugal – Turkey

Students present each other one example of bildungsroman in their national literatures.

Bildungsroman is a literary genre that focuses on the psychological and moral growth of the protagonist from youth to adulthood (coming of age), in which character change is extremely important.

Talking about books worth reading.



Videoconference Portugal – Croatia

Focus on Christmas time.




Videoconference Portugal – Cyprus

Ithaca, by C.P. Cavafy



Videoconference Portugal – Poland

Focus on Ulysses, whose voyages are a recurrent theme in European literature.

Presentation of a legend related to Portugal and inspired by the story of Ulysses.



The foundation of Lisbon by Ulysses

Lisbon was built on seven hills.

The story begins with the voyages of Ulysses, the hero of Odyssey, Homer’s epic poem.

Following the Trojan War, Ulysses undertook a long voyage on the Mediterranean and Atlantic seas to return home to Ithaca.

During his sea travels, he visited the land that is now Portugal. The ancient Greeks called it Land of Serpents.

Ulysses and his crew were struck with the beauty of Tagus River, so they stopped to rest and collect supplies.

Ulysses named this region Olisippo, which has its origins in the Phoenician words Allis Ubbo, meaning «enchanting port».

Ancient Greeks believed that this land was inhabited by snakes, and ruled by a beautiful and charming queen, Offiusa, half woman, half snake, a sorcerer with a very sweet voice.

Offiusa fell madly in love with Ulysses and asked him to be her king.

Ulysses pretended to accept the proposal, fearing that his life could be at risk, but all the while, he was filling his boat with supplies. He fled during the night, while the queen slept.

After waking and finding Ulysses gone, Queen Ofiusa got very angry and ran to Tagus River to chase Ulysses. Her tail hit the ground so hard, that the land of the Seven Hills rose up and still remain today.

Ulysses is still remembered in Lisbon and has a tower in São Jorge Castle. He was brave, loyal, cunning, wise and tenacious – qualities that are found in abundance when we look to the history of Lisbon.



Videoconference Portugal – Hungary

The students talked about a legend that is important in the history of their country.

The teams sent each other the tables that summarize the features of the legend they talked about.



The miracle of the roses: two countries, one legend

Isabel of Portugal

Queen Isabel of Portugal was born in Zaragoza, Spain, in 1271, into the royal house of Aragon. She married King Dinis of Portugal in 1288.

In her adult life Isabel quietly pursued the religious practices of her youth and was devoted to the humble and the sick.

Legend says she used to leave the palace disguised, in order to take food to the poor. When the King found out he forbade her from doing it. He threatened to lock her up and confine her to the palace.

Isabel, however, never gave up and she continued helping the poor behind the King’s back. One day, in the winter, she was carrying loaves of bread hidden in her gown.

The King saw her going out and stopped her, asking: “What you are carrying?”

Isabel answered: “Roses, my Lord.”

He didn’t believe her because roses don’t bloom in the winter time. He asked her to show him the roses. Obediently she unfolded the gown and there were roses instead of bread.

Elizabeth of Hungary

Born on 7 July 1207, Elizabeth of Hungary became a saint in a family of saints. Her great-niece was St. Isabel of Portugal.

Elizabeth was married in 1221, at the age of fourteen, to Louis IV, a German noble. She was highly influenced by the ideals of the Franciscans, and devoted her life to charity.

Louis IV died in September 1227, on his way to the Holy Land, as part of the Sixth Crusade. Elizabeth was twenty, and died four years later.

One of the miracles associated with St. Elizabeth of Hungary is the “miracle of the roses”. As the story is told, Elizabeth was taking bread to the poor when she met her husband, who was out hunting in the forest. Members of his hunting party suspected that Elizabeth was stealing – but, when she was asked to open her cloak to reveal what she had concealed, a miracle occurred. The bread had been transformed into red and white roses.

There are testimonies of ordinary people that found inspiration in her life.


What makes a story a legend


Escola Básica e Secundária de Muralhas do Minho, Valença