WILD NATURAL BEAUTY
Canyon is an enormous gorge in the state of Arizona. It
is 277 miles (450 km) in length, up to 18 miles (29 km)
wide and more than a mile (1.6 km) deep in places.
believe that the Grand Canyon formed 80 million years
ago, but some of its rock layers could be two billion
years old: the Earth itself is four billion years old.
It contains the fossils of many prehistoric animals. For
thousands of years Native Americans lived in the
canyon's caves, and considered it a holy place. Then, in
1540, García López de Cárdenas from Spain became the
first European to see the canyon and tell his people
Grand Canyon is a major tourist attraction. People
travel from all over the world to see it. Most of them
enter the canyon at the South Rim, to explore it by
foot, bus and helicopter. You can hike along the edge of
the canyon and look down at the valley, thousands of
feet (or metres) below. Then travel down into the valley
by foot, in a helicopter or on the back of a mule.
the Colorado River on a raft. Walk out over the canyon
on the Skywalk, a glass walkwav that will make you feel
like you're walking on air. Visit the village where the
Native American Havasupai Indians still live, to learn
about their culture. Then ride across the canyon in a
horse-drawn carriage to watch the sunset. You can even
sleep at one of the canyon's camping sites.
Canyon is beautiful but it is also dangerous. It can be
really hot or cold there, from around -20°C in the
winter to 40°C in the summer. In the past 150 years
about 600 people have died in the Grand Canyon. Almost
half of them died in airplane or helicopter crashes.
Many others drowned in the Colorado River, or died from
a fall, heat stroke or dehydration.
all of these dangers make the Grand Canyon a great place
for people to prove how fit and strong they are. Every
year, many people hike from one side of the canyon to
the other. And hundreds compete in the Grand Canyon
Ultra Marathon. They travel 78 miles (125 kilometres)
across the canyon in 24 hours. That's a grand
achievement at the Grand Canyon!
ACHIEVEMENT: realização, façanha
BILLION: mil milhões
BY FOOT: a pé
FIT: em forma
GLASS WALKWAY: passagem em vidro
HOLY PLACE: lugar santo
HORSE-DRAWN CARRIAGE: carruagem puxada por cavalos
IN PLACES: em algumas zonas
SUNSET: pôr do sol
TO DROWN: afogar-se
TO HIKE: caminhar
TO RIDE ALONG: navegar por
Speak Up, n.º 348.